493. Act up (no object): misbehave (for people); not work
properly (for machines).
"The babysitter had a difficult time. The children acted up all
“I guess i'd better take my car to the garage. It's been acting
494. Act like (inseparable): behave in a way that's like _____ .
"What's wrong with bob? He's acting like an idiot."
Note: this phrasal verb is very informal.
495. Add up (1. No object): logically fit together.
"His theory is hard to believe, but his research adds up."
Note: this phrasal verb is often negative.
"His theory seems, at first, to be plausible, but the facts in
his research don't add up."
496. Add up (2. Separable): find the total.
"What's the total of those bills? Could you add them up and see?"
497. Add up to (inseparable): to total.
"The bills add up to $734.96. That's more than I expected!"
498. Ask out (separable): ask for a date.
"Nancy has a new boy friend. Joe asked her out last night."
499. Back down (no object): not follow a threat.
"Tom was going to call the police when I told him i'd wrecked
his car, but he backed down when I said i'd pay for the damages."
500. Back off (no object): not follow a threat.
"Tom was ready to call the police when I told him i'd wrecked
his car, but he backed off when I said i'd pay for the damages."
501. Back up (1. No object): move backward; move in reverse.
"You missed the lines in the parking space. You'll have to back
up and try again."
"The people waiting in line are too close to the door. We won't
be able to open it unless they back up."
502. Back up (2. Separable): drive a vehicle backwards (in
"You're too close! Back your car up so I can open the garage
503. Back up (3. Separable): confirm a story, facts, or
“If you don't believe me, talk to dave. He'll back me up."
504. Back up (4. Separable): make a "protection" copy to use if
there are problems with the original.
"When my computer crashed, I lost many of my files. It's a good
thing I backed them up."
505. Beg off (no object): decline an invitation; ask to be
excused from doing something.
"At first lily said she would be at the party. Later she begged
506. Blow up (1. Separable): inflate.
"We needs lots of balloons for the party. Will you blow them
507. Blow up (2. Separable): explode; destroy by exploding.
A: "That old building really came down quickly!"
b: "That's because the construction company used dynamite to
blow it up."
508. Blow up (3. No object): suddenly become very angry.
"When I told jerry that i'd had an accident with his car, he
509. Bone up on (inseparable): review / study thoroughly for a
“If you're going to travel to peru, you'd better bone up on your
510. Break down (1. Separable): separate something into
"We spent a lot of money at the supermarket. When we broke the
total cost down, we spent more on cleaning supplies than food."
511. Break down (2. No object): stop working / functioning.
"Sharon will be late for work today. Her car broke down on the
512. Break in (1. Often no object; with an object, break into--inseparable):
enter by using force (and breaking a lock, window, etc.)
"Jane's apartment was burglarised last night. Someone broke in
while jane was at the movies." / "somebody broke into jane's
apartment while she was at the movies.
513. Break in (2. Separable): wear something new until it's /
"These are nice shoes, but they're too stiff. I hope it doesn't
take too long to break them in."
514. Break in (3. Separable): train; get someone / something
accustomed to a new routine.
“I hope I can learn my new job quickly. The manager hasn't
scheduled much time for breaking me in."
515. Break up (1. No object): disperse; scatter.
"What time did the party break up last night?"
516. Break up (2. Usually no object; with an object, break up
with [inseparable)]): end a personal relationship.
"Tim and julie aren't going steady any more. They got really
angry with each other and broke up."
"Have you heard the news? Julie broke up with tim!"
"I'm sorry to hear that their marriage broke up. I'm sure the
divorce will be difficult for the children."
517. Bring / take back (separable): return something.
"Yes, you can borrow my pen, don't forget to bring it back to me
when you're finished."
"This book is due tomorrow. I guess I should take it back to the
518. Bring off (separable): accomplish something difficult;
accomplish something people had considered impossible or
"No one thought chuck could get an a in that course, but he
brought it off. "
519. Bring up (1. Separable): mention (as a topic of discussion).
"We planned to discuss overtime pay in the meeting. Why didn't
someone bring that topic up?"
520. Bring up (2. Separable): raise; rear.
"Lucy's parents died when she was a baby. Her grandparents
brought her up."
521. Brush up on (inseparable): review / study thoroughly for a
“If you're going to travel to Peru, you'd better brush up on
522. Burn down (no object): become destroyed / consumed by fire.
Note: for upright things--trees, buildings, etc.--only.
"Lightning struck Mr. Kennedy's barn last night. It burned down
before the fire fighters arrived."
523. Burn up (1. No object): become destroyed / consumed by fire.
Note: for people and non-upright things only.
"All of Mr. Kennedy's hay burned up when his barn burned down."
524. Burn up (2. Separable): cause someone to become very angry.
"Did you hear how rudely Fred talked to me? That really burned
525. Butt in (no object): impolitely interrupt (a conversation,
"Hey, you! Don't butt in! Wait for your turn!"
526. Butter up (separable): praise someone excessively with the
hope of getting some benefit.
“I guess Marty really wants to be promoted. He's been buttering
his boss up all week."
527. Call off (separable): cancel something that has been
"We don't have school today. The mayor called classes off
because of the snow."
528. Call on (inseparable): ask someone for an answer in class.
“I don't know why the teacher never calls on you. You always
know the answer."
529. Calm down (with or without an object; with an object,
separable): become calm / less agitated or upset; help someone
become calm / less agitated or upset.
"Why are you so upset? Suzie didn't intend to spill orange juice
on you. Calm down!"
“I know Ralph is upset, but can you calm him down? He's making
so much noise that he's irritating everyone in the office."
530. (not) care for (1. Inseparable): like; want.
Note: this phrasal verb is usually negative, though it may be
used affirmatively in questions.
A: "Would you care for something to drink? We have coffee, tea,
or orange juice."
B: "Could I have water, please? I don't care for coffee, tea, or
531. Care for (2. Inseparable): take care of; supply care to;
attend / watch..
"Amy's father got out of the hospital last week. The family is
caring for him at home."
532. Catch on (no object): develop understanding or knowledge of
"Bill had never used a computer until he took this class, but he
caught on very quickly and is now one of the best students."
533. Catch up (with) (often without an object; with an object,
inseparable): stop being behind.
"Terry stopped to rest for a few minutes. He'll catch up / catch
up with us later."
534. Check in(to) (inseparable): register for / at a hotel,
conference, etc.; let someone know officially that you have
"My plane will arrive around 5:00 pm. I should be able to check
into the hotel by 6:00 or 6:30."
"When you arrive at the convention, be sure to check in at the
535. Check off (separable): make a mark to indicate that
something on a list has been completed.
"Here are the things you need to do. Please check each one off
when you've finished it."
536. Check out (of) (1. Inseparable): follow procedures for
leaving (a hotel, etc.)
"Don't forget to take your room key to the front desk when you
check out (when you check out of the hotel)."
537. Check out (2. Separable): follow procedures for borrowing
something (usually for a limited period of time).
"I'm sorry, but you can't take that encyclopedia home. The
library won't allow you to check reference books out."
538. Cheer up (separable): help someone feel less worried /
depressed / sad.
"Suzie's brother was depressed about not getting a promotion, so
she sent him a funny card to cheer him up."
539. Chew out (separable): scold someone severely; berate.
"Tom's father was really angry when tom didn't come home until
3:00 am. He chewed tom out and then said tom had to stay at home
for two weeks."
540. Chicken out (no object): lose the courage or confidence to
do something--often at the last minute.
"Sam said he was going to ask lulu for a date, but he chickened
541. Chip in (inseparable): contribute / donate (often money) to
something done by a group.
"We're going to buy a birthday cake for our boss and i'm
collecting donations. Do you want to chip in?"
542. Clam up (inseparable): suddenly become quiet / refuse to
talk about something.
"Lila wouldn't talk about the accident. When I asked her what
happened, she clammed up."
543. Come across (inseparable): find (unexpectedly).
"I've lost my extra car keys. If you come across them while
cleaning the room, please put them in a safe place."
544. Come down with _____ (inseparable): become ill with _____ .
"George won't be at the office today. He came down with the flu
over the weekend."
545. Come to (1. Inseparable): total.
"Your charges come to $124.38. Will you pay by check, in cash,
or with a credit card?"
546. Come to (2. No object): regain consciousness.
"when I told gina that she'd won a million dollars, she fainted.
When she came to, I told her it was a joke and she almost hit
547. Count on (inseparable): depend on; trust that something
will happen or that someone will do as expected.
"i'm counting on you to wake me up tomorrow. I know I won't hear
548. Cross out (separable): show that something written is wrong
or unnecessary by making an x across it.
"we can't afford to buy everything on your shopping list, so
i've crossed all the unnecessary things out."
549. Cut back (on) (often without an object; with an object, cut
back on [inseparable]): use less of something.
"you drink too much coffee. You should cut back."
"you should cut back on the amount of coffee that you drink."
550. Do in (1. Separable): cause to become very tired.
"the ajax and tip-top banks have decided to merge. Their lawyers
will draw all the official documents up sometime this month."
551. Do in (2. Separable): to kill; to murder.
"they said that the murdered man was done in between 10 and 11
o'clock last night."
552. Do over (separable): do something again.
"oh, no! I forgot to save my report before I turned the computer
off! Now i'll have to do it over!"
553. Drag on (no object): last much longer than expected or is
“I thought the meeting would be a short one, but it dragged on
for more than three hours."
554. Draw up (separable): create a formal document.
"the ajax and tip-top banks have decided to merge. Their lawyers
will draw all the official documents up sometime this month."
555. Drop off (separable): deliver something; deliver someone
(by giving him/her a ride).
"yes, I can take those letters to the post office. I'll drop
them off as I go home from work."
"you don't have to take a taxi. You live fairly close to me, so
i'll be happy to drop you off."
556. Drop in (on) (inseparable): visit informally (and usually
without scheduling a specific time).
“If you're in town next month, we'd love to see you. Please try
to drop in. (please try to drop in on us."
557. Drop by (inseparable): visit informally (and usually
without scheduling a specific time).
“If you're in town next month, we'd love to see you. Please try
to drop by the house."
558. Drop out (of) (inseparable): stop attending / leave school
or an organization.
"no, paul isn't at the university. He dropped out. / he dropped
out of school."
559. Draw out (separable): prolong something (usually far beyond
the normal limits).
“I thought that speech would never end. The speaker could have
said everything important in about five minutes, but he drew the
speech out for over an hour!"
560. Eat out (no object): have a meal in a restaurant.
"i'm too tired to cook tonight. Why don't we eat out?"
561. Egg on (separable): urge / encourage greatly toward doing
something (usually something negative).
"at first bob and chuck were just having a mild argument, but
bob's friends egged them on until they started fighting."
562. End up (1. No object): finally arrive at; arrive at an
"we got lost last night and ended up in the next town."
563. End up (2. No object): arrive somewhere as a result or
"you're working too hard. If you don't take it easy, you'll end
up in the hospital!"
564. Face up to (inseparable): admit to; take responsibility for.
"you can't pretend that you're doing ok in this course, joe.
Sooner or later, you'll have to face up to the fact that you're
565. Fall through (no object): not happen. (note: describes
something that was planned but didn't happen.)
"we had originally intended to go to mexico for our vacation,
but our trip fell through when I got sick."
566. Feel up to (inseparable): feel strong enough or comfortable
enough to do something.
“I know the accident was a terrible shock. Do you feel up to
talking about it?"
567. Figure out (1. Separable): logically find the answer to a
problem; solve a problem by thinking about it carefully.
"for a long time I couldn't understand the last problem, but I
finally figured it out."
568. Figure out (2. Separable): understand why someone behaves
the way she/he does.
“I can't figure margie out. Sometimes she's very warm and
friendly and sometimes she acts as if she doesn't know me."
569. Fill in (1. Separable): add information to a form.
"the office needs to know your home address and phone number.
Could you fill them in on this form?"
570. Fill in (on) (2. Separable): supply information that
someone doesn't know.
“I wasn't able to attend the meeting yesterday, but I understand
that it was important. Could you fill me in? / could you fill me
in on what was discussed?"
571. Fill in for (inseparable): temporarily do someone else's
work; temporarily substitute for another person.
"professor newton is in the hospital and won't be able to teach
for the rest of the term. Do you know who's going to fill in for
572. Fill out (1. Separable): complete a form by adding required
"of course I completed my application! I filled it out and
mailed it over three weeks ago!"
573. Fill out (2. No object): become less thin; gain weight.
"jerry used to be really skinny, but in the last year he's begun
to fill out."
574. Find out (about) (inseparable): learn / get information
"i'm sorry that you didn't know the meeting had been cancelled.
I didn't find out (find out about it) myself until just a few
575. Get across (separable): make something understood;
communicate something understandably.
"alan is really intelligent but sometimes he has problems
getting his ideas across."
576. Get along (with) (inseparable): have a friendly
relationship (with); be friendly (toward).
"why can't you and your sister get along? Everyone else gets
along with her just fine!"
577. Get around (1. Inseparable): avoid having to do something.
"teresa got around the required math classes by doing well on a
math proficiency test."
578. Get around (2. No object): move from place to place.
"she doesn't have a car. She gets around by bicycle, bus, or
579. Get around to (inseparable): do something eventually.
“I really should wash the dishes, but I don't feel like it.
Maybe i'll get around to them tomorrow morning."
580. Get by (no object): survive, financially, in a difficult
"it's going to be hard to pay the rent now that you've lost your
job, but somehow we'll get by."
581. Get in (1. Inseparable): enter a small, closed vehicle.
“I don't know where carole was going. She just got in her car
and drove away."
582. Get in (2. No object): arrive.
"do you know what time fred's plane gets in?"
583. Get on (inseparable): enter a large, closed vehicle.
"i'm sorry, but you're too late to say goodbye to angela. She
got on the plane about 20 minutes ago."
584. Get off (1. Inseparable): leave a large, closed vehicle.
"when you get off the bus, cross the street, turn right on oak
street, and keep going until you're at the corner of oak and
585. Get off (2. Separable): be excused (for a period of time)
from work, class, or
Other regularly scheduled activities.
"some schools got president's day off but ours didn't. We had
classes as usual."
586. Get off (3. Separable): make it possible for someone to
"everyone knew he was guilty, but his lawyer was clever and got
587. Get out of (1. Inseparable): leave a small, closed vehicle.
"there's something wrong with the garage door opener. You'll
have to get out of the car and open it by hand."
588. Get out of (2. Inseparable): escape having to do something.
"lisa said she had a terrible headache and got out of giving her
589. Get over (1. No object): finish. (note: for individual
activities, not ones that
Happen again and again.)
"what time do your classes get over?"
590. Get over (2. Inseparable): recover from an illness or
"katy was really upset when she failed the test. She thought she
would never get over feeling so stupid."
591. Get rid of (1. Inseparable): dispose of; give away or throw
"that shirt is really ugly. Why don't you get rid of it?"
592. Get rid of (2. Inseparable): dismiss someone; fire someone
from a job; cause
Someone to leave.
"the treasurer of the xyz company was spending too much money so
the company president got rid of him."
593. Get up (usually no object; with an object, separable):
leave bed after sleeping
And begin your daily activities.
"you'll have to get up much earlier than usual tomorrow. We have
to leave by no later than 6:00 am."
“I know I won't hear the alarm tomorrow morning. Can you get me
up at 6:00 am?"
594. Give up (1. Separable): stop doing something (usually a
"he knows smoking isn't good for his health, but he can't give
595. Give up (2. No object): decide not to try (unsuccessfully)
to solve a problem.
A: "what's black and white and red all over?"
b: “I give up. What?"
a: "an embarrassed zebra!"
596. Go out with (inseparable): have a date with.
"you went out with sharon last night, didn't you?"
597. Go with (1. No object): look pleasing together. (note: for
clothes, furniture, etc.)
"you should buy that shirt. It will go well with your dark brown
598. Go with (2. No object): date regularly and steadily.
"is gina going with jim? I see them together all the time."
599. Goof off (no object): be lazy; do nothing in particular.
A: "do you have any special plans for your vacation?"
b: "no. I'm just going to stay home and goof off."
600. Grow up (1. No object): spend the years between being a
child and being an
"did you know that frank grew up in malaysia?"
601. Grow up (2. No object): behave responsibly; behave as an
adult, not a child.
A: "lee really irritates me sometimes. He's really silly and
b: “I agree. I wish he would grow up."
602. Hand in (separable): submit homework, an assignment, etc.
"you'd better get started on your report. You know that you have
to hand it in at 8:30 tomorrow morning!"
603. Hand out (separable): distribute.
"why don't you have a course description and list of assignments?
The teacher handed them out on the first day of class."
604. Hang up (no object): end a phone conversation by replacing
"i'd like to talk longer, but i'd better hang up. My sister
needs to make a call."
605. Have to do with (inseparable): be about.
"this class has to do with the behaviour of people in groups."
606. Hold up (1. Separable): raise; lift to a higher-than-normal
"the winner of the race proudly held his trophy up for all to
607. Hold up (2. Separable): delay.
"i'm sorry i'm late. There was an accident on the freeway and
traffic held me up."
608. Hold up (3. Separable): rob; threaten someone with harm
unless he/she gives
Her/his money or other valuable things.
"sarah is very upset. When she was walking home last night, two
men held her up and took her purse and jewellery."
609. Iron out (separable): mutually reach an agreement; mutually
"yes, I know we disagree on lots of things, susan, but we can
iron them out."
610. Jack up (1. Separable): raise / life by using a jack.
"we'll have to jack the back of the car up before we can change
611. Jack up (2. Separable): raise (used for prices).
"the car dealer bought my old ford for $750 and jacked the price
up to $1,500 when they sold it."
612. Jump all over (inseparable): severely scold (regañar)
someone; berate (amonestar) someone.
"arthur is really upset. His boss jumped all over him because
he's been late for work three times this week."
613. Keep on (1. Inseparable--followed by an -ing verb):
"i'm not ready to stop yet. I think i'll keep on working for a
614. Keep on (someone) (2. Inseparable): continue to remind
someone to do something until he/she does it (even if this
"bill's very forgetful. You'll have to keep on him or he'll
never do all the things you want him to do."
615. Kick out (separable): expel; force someone to leave because
of his/her poor performance or unacceptable behaviour.
"jim's club kicked him out because he didn't pay his dues or
come to meetings."
616. Knock out (separable): make unconscious.
"the boxing match ended when one boxer knocked the other one
"that medicine really knocked me out. I slept for 14 hours
617. Knock oneself out (separable): work much harder than normal
or than what is expected.
"we completed the project on time because of chuck. He knocked
himself out to be sure we didn't miss the deadline."
618. Lay off (separable): dismiss someone from a job because of
lack of work or money (not because of poor performance)
"I feel really sorry sally's family. Her father was laid off
619. Leave out (separable): forget; omit.
"oh, no! When I made the list of those who attended the meeting,
I left your name out!"
620. Let down (separable): disappoint.
"I know I let you down when I didn't do what I promised. I'm
621. Let up (no object): become less intense or slower.
"it's been raining hard for a long time. Will it ever let up?"
622. Look back on (inseparable): remember; reflect on / consider
something in the past.
"when they looked back on their many years together, they
realized that their marriage had been a very happy one."
623. Look down on (inseparable): hold in contempt; regard as
"it's not surprising that fred has few friends. He seems to look
down on anyone who doesn't like the same things that he does."
624. Look forward to (inseparable): anticipate pleasantly; think
about a pleasant thing before it happens
"i'm really looking forward to vacation. I can't wait for it to
625. Look in on (inseparable): visit in order to check
something's / someone's condition.
"my father just came home from the hospital. I plan to look in
on him today after I finish work."
626. Look into (inseparable): investigate / get more details
"someone said there was a meeting at 9:30 but I haven't heard
anything about it. Shall I look into it?"
627. Look like (inseparable): resemble (in appearance).
"does he look like his father or his mother?"
628. Look over (separable): check; review.
"I think I may have some typos in this report. Could you look it
629. Look up (1. Separable): find something in a reference work.
"i'm sorry, but I don't know what that word means. I'll have to
look it up."
630. Look up (2. Separable): find where someone lives or works
and visit him/her.
"thanks for giving me your brother's address. When i'm in
chicago next month, i'll be sure to look him up."
631. Look up to (inseparable): respect.
"everyone looks up to joyce because she always makes time to
632. Luck out (no object): be unexpectedly lucky.
"gloria was worried because she wasn't prepared to give a report
at the meeting, but she lucked out because the meeting was
633. Make fun of (inseparable): make jokes about (usually
"I agree that bob looks ridiculous since he shaved his head, but
don't make fun of him. You'll hurt his feelings."
634. Make up (1. Separable): invent / create (imaginary)
"judy's story is hard to believe. I'm sure she made it up."
635. Make up (2. Separable): compensate for something missed or
not done by doing extra or equivalent work.
"i'm sorry I missed the test. May I make it up?"
636. Make up (with) (3. Inseparable): re-establish a friendly
relationship by admitting guilt.
"jack and his girlfriend were very angry with each other, but
last night they finally made up."
"jack and his girlfriend were very angry with each other, but
last night they finally made up with each other."
637. Make out (separable): see / hear something well enough to
understand what it means. (note: often negative.)
"ruth's writing is very small. I almost need a magnify glass to
make it out."
"what were the last two examples that he gave? I couldn't make
638. Make for (1. Inseparable): go to or toward.
"her teen-aged children are always hungry. As soon as they
arrive home from school, they make for the refrigerator."
639. Make for (2. Inseparable): result in; cause.
"many hands make for light work. (if many people work together,
there's less work for everyone.)"
640. Mark up (separable): increase the price (for resale).
"mrs. White's import shop is profitable because she buys things
inexpensively and then marks them up."
641. Mark down (separable): reduce the price (as an incentive to
"these shoes were really a bargain! The store marked them down
642. Mix up (separable): cause to become confused.
"I didn't complete the assignment because I didn't know how. The
directions mixed me up."
643. Nod off (no object): fall sleep (usually unintentionally).
"the speech was so boring that several people in the audience
nodded off before it was finished."
644. Pan out (no object): succeed; happen as expected (for plans).
(note: almost always negative when in statements.)
"i'll be here next week after all. My trip to chicago didn't pan
645. Pass away (no object): die.
"I was very sorry to hear that your grandfather passed away."
646. Pass out (1. No object): faint; lose consciousness.
"when ella heard that she'd won a million dollars, she was so
shocked that she passed out."
647. Pass out (2. Separable): distribute.
"everyone in the room needs one of these information sheets. Who
will help me pass them out?"
648. Pick out (separable): choose; select.
"billy's grandmother especially liked her birthday card because
billy had picked it out himself."
649. Pick up (1. Separable): lift; take up.
"those books don't belong on the floor. Will you help me pick
650. Pick up (2. Separable): arrange to meet someone and give
her/him a ride.
"of course we can go there together. What time should I pick you
651. Pick up (3. Separable): get; buy.
"the children just drank the last of the milk. Could you pick
some more up on your way home this evening?"
652. Pick up (4. Separable): refresh; revitalize.
"he was feeling a little tired, so he drank a glass of orange
juice. It picked him up enough to finish his work."
653. Pick on (inseparable): bully; intentionally try to make
"you should be ashamed of teasing your little brother, bob! Pick
on someone your own size!"
654. Pitch in (no object): help; join together to accomplish
"we'll be finished soon if everyone pitches in."
655. Pull over (no object): drive a vehicle to the side of the
"when the policeman indicated that I should pull over, I knew he
was going to give me a ticket."
656. Put away (separable): return something to the proper place.
"I just took these clothes out of the dryer. Will you help me
put them away?"
657. Put off (1. Separable): postpone; delay; avoid
"I can't put this work off any longer. If I don't do it soon,
it'll be impossible to finish it in time."
"when will Mr. Smith agree to a meeting? I keep asking for an
appointment, but he keeps putting me off."
658. Put on (1. Separable): begin to wear; don.
"it's a little bit chilly outside. You'd better put a sweater
659. Put on (2. Separable): try to make someone believe
something that is ridiculous or untrue.
"don't believe a word of what jim was saying. He was just
putting us on."
660. Put (someone) out (separable): inconvenience someone.
"I hate to put you out, but I need a ride to the train station
and hope you can take me."
661. Put up (1. Separable): return something to the proper
"your toys are all over the floor, timmy. Please put them up."
662. Put up (2. Separable): provide someone with a place to
"there's no need for you to check into a hotel. I'll be happy to
put you up."
663. Put up with (inseparable): tolerate.
"it's really important to come to work on time. The boss won't
put up with tardiness."
664. Put back (separable): return something to the proper place.
"i've finished with these books. Do you want me to put them back
on the shelves?"
665. Rip off (separable): cheat; take advantage of; charge too
"don't even think about buying a car there. They'll rip you off."
666. Round off (separable): change from a fraction to the
nearest whole number.
"round all prices off to the closest whole-dollar amounts. For
example, round $33.73 off to $34.00."
667. Run into (inseparable): meet by chance.
"yesterday at the supermarket, jan ran into her former roommate.
Before yesterday, they hadn't seen each other for nearly five
668. Run out of (inseparable): use the last of.
"on the way home from work, art ran out of gas."
669. Set up (separable): make arrangements for something.
"you'll see Mr. Thomas tomorrow. I've set a meeting up for 9:30
670. Set back (1. Separable): cause a delay in scheduling.
"we've had some problems with the project that have set us back
at least two days . We'll give you a progress report tomorrow."
671. Set back (2. Separable): cost.
"I wonder how much bill's new car set him back?"
672. Slip up (no object): make a mistake.
"you slipped up here. The amount should be $135.28, not
673. Stand out (no object): be noticeably better than other
similar people or things.
"good job, ann! Your work really stands out!"
674. Stand up (1. No object): rise to a standing position.
"when the chairperson entered the room, everyone stood up."
675. Stand up (2. Separable): make a date but not keep it.
"angela was supposed to go to the dance with fred, but she stood
him up and went with chuck instead."
676. Show up (1. No object): arrive; appear.
"the boss was very upset when you didn't show up for the
meeting. What happened?"
677. Show up (2. Separable): do a noticeably better job (often
unexpectedly) than someone else.
"everyone thought marsha would win, but jean did. Actually, jean
really showed marsha up."
678. Stand for (1. No object): represent.
"these letters seem to be an abbreviation. Do you know what they
679. Stand for (2. Inseparable): tolerate; permit (usually
"i'm not surprised that mrs. Johnson rejected your report. She
won't stand for shoddy work."
680. Take after (inseparable): resemble; favour (in appearance).
Note: used for people.
"both my sister and I take after our father."
681. Take / bring back (separable): return.
"this book is due tomorrow. I guess I should take it back to the
"yes, you can borrow my pen, but don't forget to bring it back
to me when you're finished."
682. Take care of (1. Inseparable): provide care for; watch
"Lois has been taking care of her father since he returned home
from the hospital."
"you've been working too hard lately. You'd better take care of
683. Take care of (2. Inseparable): make arrangements (for
something to happen); take responsibility for.
"Will you take care of making reservations for our flight to boston?"
684. Take off (1. Separable): remove (something you're wearing).
"please take your hat off when you go inside a building."
685. Take off (2. No object): leave; depart (often suddenly or
"was something wrong with jill? She took off without saying
"when does your plane take off?"
686. Take off (3. Separable): make arrangements to be absent
"susan isn't here today. She's taking today and tomorrow off."
687. Take up (separable): begin (a hobby or leisure-time
A: "do you like to ski?"
b: "i've never been skiing, but I think i'd like to take it up."
688. Tell (someone) off (separable): speak to someone bluntly
and negatively, saying exactly what she/he did wrong.
"julie was really angry at bob; she told him off in front of all
689. Tick off (1. Separable): irritate someone; make someone
upset or angry.
"it really ticks her off when someone is late for an
690. Tick off (2. Separable): show that something has been
completed by putting a tick (check) beside it.
"here are the things you need to do. Tick each one off when you
691. Throw away (separable): discard; put in the garbage.
"you shouldn't throw those newspapers away; they're recyclable."
692. Throw out (1. Separable): discard; put in the garbage.
"this food smells bad. You'd better throw it out."
693. Throw out (2. Separable): forcibly make someone leave
(usually because of bad behaviour).
"those people are drunk and making everyone uncomfortable. The
manager should throw them out."
694. Throw up (usually no object; with an object, separable):
"paul was so nervous about his job interview that he threw up
just before he left for it."
695. Try on (separable): wear something briefly to check its
fit, how it looks, etc.
"i'm not sure that jacket is large enough. May I try it on?"
696. Try out (separable): use a machine briefly to determine how
well it works.
"I really like the way this car looks. May I try it out?"
697. Try out (for) (inseparable): try to win a place on a team
or other organization.
"I know you want to be on the football team. Are you going to
“If you like to sing, you should try out for the choir.
698. Turn around (1. Usually no object): move so that you are
facing the opposite direction.
"everyone turned around and stared when I entered the meeting
699. Turn around (2. Separable): move so that someone /
something is facing the opposite direction.
"I don't want this chair facing the window. Will you help me
turn it around?"
700. Turn around (3. Separable): make changes so that something
that was unprofitable is profitable.
"the company was doing poorly until it hired a new president. He
turned it around in about six months and now it's doing quite
701. Turn down (1. Separable): decrease the volume.
"your music is giving me a headache! Please turn it down or use
702. Turn down (2. Separable): refuse.
"I thought I could borrow some money from joe, but when I asked,
he turned me down."
703. Turn in (1. Separable): give / deliver / submit to someone.
"i've written my report, but I haven't turned it in."
704. Turn in (2. No object): go to bed.
"i'm pretty tired. I guess i'll turn in."
705. Turn in (3. Separable): report or deliver wrongdoers to the
"two days after the robbery, the thieves turned themselves in."
706. Turn off (1. Separable): stop by turning a handle or
"i'm cold. Do you mind if I turn the air conditioner off?"
707. Turn off (2. Separable): bore; repel (very informal).
"that music turns me off. Please play something else!"
708. Turn on (1. Separable): start by turning a handle or
"it's cold in here. I'm going to turn the heater on"
709. Turn on (2. Separable): interest very much; excite (very
"what kind of music turns you on?"
710. Turn up (1. Separable): increase the volume.
"I can barely hear the tv. Can you turn it up a little?"
711. Turn up (2. No object): appear unexpectedly.
"we were all surprised when pam turned up at the party. We
didn't even know she was in town."
712. Wait on (1. Inseparable): serve (usually customers in a
restaurant, shop, etc.)
"I want to make a complaint. The person who just waited on me
was very impolite."
713. Wait for (inseparable): wait until someone / something
arrives or is finished with something else.
"when will kenny be finished with work? I've been waiting for
him for almost an hour!"
"i'm tired of waiting for the bus. I guess i'll take a taxi
714. Wake up (1. No object): stop sleeping.
“I usually wake up around 5:00 am each day."
715. Wake up (2. Separable): rouse someone; cause someone to
“I have an important meeting tomorrow and i'm afraid I won't
hear my alarm. Will you wake me up at 6:00 am?"
716. Watch out for (inseparable): be careful of; beware of.
"there's a school at the end of this block. Watch out for
children crossing the street."
“If you take that road, watch out for ice during the winter."
717. Wear out (1. Separable): wear something / use something
until it can no longer be worn / be used.
“I need a new pencil sharpener. I wore this one out."
“I suppose I should get some new shoes. I've almost worn this
718. Wear out (2. Separable): cause to become exhausted; cause
to become very tired.
“I had four different meetings today. They wore me out."
“I suppose I should get some new shoes. I've almost worn this
719. Work out (1. No object): exercise (usually in a gym, etc.)
To build muscles, body tone, etc.
"Instead of eating lunch on monday, wednesday, and friday,
sheila goes to the recreation centre to work out."
720. Work out (2. Separable): solve a problem / resolve a
difficult situation (usually by working together).
“I know we disagree on many points, but I believe we can work
721. Wrap up (1. No object): wear enough clothes to keep warm.
"It's really cold today. Be sure you wrap up when you leave the
722. Wrap up (2. Separable): finish something; bring something
to a conclusion.
"We've been talking about the problem for nearly three hours.
I hope we'll be able to wrap the discussion up soon."
723. Write down (separable): record something in writing.
"could you tell me your e-mail address again? I want to write it
724. Write up (separable): record; report in writing.
"You'll need to make a report on your business meetings. Be sure
you write them up as soon as possible after you return from your
725. Zonk out (no object): fall asleep quickly because of
“I intended to go shopping after work, but I was so tired that I
zonked out as soon as I got home."
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